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Satire: Genre characterized by the variety. A satire can be about anything, ANYTHING at all. Usually short compositions with an incisive ending.
Lucilian Satire: Main theme is the varied attention on all aspects of quotidian life in an amused and witty way, but it’s also very strong the erotic theme. Mostly used with moral intents, and to define a virtue while condemning its counterpart vices. The style was also aggressive, biting and poisonous.
Menippean Satire: a mix of both prose and poetry, its tone is both serious and jokingly. (Seneca used it to write a satirical pamphlet at the death of emperor Claudio, whom he hated, in which he arrived to heaven, was chased away and reached hell, where was turned into a pumpkin by the Gods.)
Horatian Satire: Conversational style, similar to the spoken language. Similar to the comedy with daily and familiar themes, still witty and humourous. (For example, in a satire Horace talks about a man that, meeting him in the street, started bothering him with philosophical questions he didn’t want to answer to; another one is a monologue, in which he talks about his country house that Mecenate presented him with, praising the friend; another one is the story of a trial for magic; and so on.)
Petronian Satire: Very parodistic, it has the satirical style but it’s applied to a novel that is the parody of a novel. To better say, Petronio’s novel is the parody of the classical Greek model, with a faithful couple as the protagonists. In Petronio’s novel, the protagonist is a man who loves a young boy, and they cheat on each other constantly. Other characters have very marked vices, like women who are too voluptuous and men that are too greedy, which is a critique to his contemporary society (and it contributes in making the novel very realistic).
Satiric epigrams: Very short compositions (about two-four lines) written in a daily, common language, occasionally vulgar or dirty. Its objective is expressive immediacy. In more elevated compositions, the style is (of course) more elegant and refined.
Juvenal Satire: Usual themes, less refined style and no solutions to the vices, just a hard critique on the contemporary society, with lots of complaints about groups of people or a separate person, labelled with this or that defect.